9 Different Types of Drills and their uses

Drills are an essential part of any professional’s toolkit. One type of drill is different from the next, and each one has a different use. The types of drills that we’ll discuss in this blog post are Drill Driver, Hammer Drill (Hammer Drill Driver), Rotary Hammer (Combination Hammer), Impact Drill (Impact Driver), Core Drill, Ground Auger (Earth Auger), and Screwdriver.

Types of drills and their uses

The different types of drills are used for different purposes. They can be used as a versatile tool or just specialized for one job, but they all offer something unique.

Drill drivers and hammers differ from each other by their construction and use while impact drill is an entirely different type that stands out because it has more torque than cordless drills. In this post, we will explore some common types of drills.

What is a Drill?

A drill is a hand tool with a pointed end at one end, often conical in shape, used to create holes through materials such as wood or metal by rotation (see also drilling). Drills are powered either electrically or pneumatically. They can be “hand drills” held in two hands operated manually by a person (sometimes called power drill)or drills that may be mounted on machines known as “drill presses”. The drill bit comes in different sizes but there are two major categories: twist drills and jobber’s drills.

9 Different types of drills and their uses

As you read through these different types of drills be sure to keep in mind what type would best suit your needs!

-Drill Driver:

Generally, a drill driver is a cordless device that provides the user with enough power to drive screws. This type of drill only has one speed setting and usually costs less than $100 in price. The downside to this drill’s design is that it offers no torque control or variable speeds. If you’re looking for something more powerful than a standard screwdriver but not as expensive as other drills on this list, then we recommend considering the Drill Driver!

Drill drivers are many times used for assembly work, and the most common type of drill driver is one that’s equipped with a clutch system to give you more control over different types of fastener installations such as screws, nails, dowels, etc.

A clutch has settings that can be adjusted like how high it needs to rotate in order before placing down any hardware– this way you don’t have too much power going into these small pieces so they won’t get ripped off!

The main function of this drill type is driving nails by rotating them back and forth. This tool is used to drill holes in different materials. They are often smaller than a cordless power drill making them ideal for projects such as installing curtain rods or adding handles on kitchen cabinets. This way they require less power and can be used in closer quarters.

-Hammer Drill (Hammer Drill Driver):

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DEWALT DCD996B Bare Tool 20V MAX XR Lithium Ion Brushless 3-Speed Hammer Drill...
  • High performance transmission for fast application speeds and improved run-time
  • High efficiency brushless motor delivers up to 57% more run time over brushed
  • Minimizes Drops
  • Reduces Wobbles & Breakage

The next type of drill is the Hammer Drill (Hammer Drill Driver). The common use for this tool would be drilling holes into concrete, rock, or brick because of its powerful motor that allows it to deliver a heavy impact on whatever surface you are working with.

A hammer drill can also double as a regular electric drill but has added features such as a powerful vibration mechanism that helps embed the nail head below the surface making them less likely to get pulled out when you drive on them.

A hammer drill can be used for drilling holes through masonry materials without creating dust from fragments flying off of the surface being drilled into. Hammer drills are also perfect for drilling long fasteners or screws into hard surfaces.

This is one of the most versatile tools you could have on your workbench! It’s not only great for driving in screws but it can also be used as an impact driver. The hammer mechanism will send out small, controlled strikes that are excellent at breaking up hardened materials such as concrete or brick.

-Rotary Hammer Drill (Combination Hammer):

BOSCH 11255VSR Bulldog Xtreme - 8 Amp 1 Inch Corded Variable Speed Sds-Plus...
  • 3 modes: Multi-function selector offers 3 modes of operation; Rotation only, rotary hammer, and hammer only mode; Variable speed trigger with reverse offers accurate bit starting or easy fastener removing
  • Ease of use: The Bulldog Xtreme Bosch Drill has vibration control for comfort in all day applications
  • Ergonomic: D handle design provides comfort and optimal control; Especially for overhead or downward drilling applications
  • Convenient: SDS plus bit system provides tool free bit changes with automatic bit locking, dust protection and maximum impact energy transfer; Vario lock positioning offers 36 bit positions for optimized chiseling angle
  • Power: Bosch’s powerful 7.5 amp rotary tool motor produces 0.1, 300 RPM and 0.5, 800 BPM to power through the toughest applications; The rotary hammer delivers 2.0 feet /pounds of impact energy for maximum performance

A rotary hammer is a high-capacity drill that features both the ability to remove and install fasteners as well as act as an impact driver when used in rotation mode. This type of drilling machine can be called upon to quickly complete any project, from installing drywall or assembling furniture!

When you’re in need of a drill, this is your go-to piece of equipment!. The rotary hammer drill will have all the features that we would expect from a standard electric drill but with an added benefit–it also comes equipped with what’s known as “hammering” action which means there are two different methods of drilling available depending on how deep you want to penetrate into your surface.

It is a type of drill that incorporates the features and functions of both hammers and drills in one tool. It is a machine with a drill bit at the end of the armature and it hammers in nails or other fasteners by rotating, much like the head of an electric drill.

Rotary Hammers are also known as combination hammers which have interchangeable chisels so you could use them for different types of projects such as demolition work where you need something more than just a hammer to get through hard surfaces or tasks like removing old tile without damaging the floor below. They provide superior performance over other drills but do not come cheap.

-Impact Drill (Impact Driver):

POPOMAN Impact Driver, Cordless Impact Driver Kit with1600In-lbs, 0-2900RPM...
  • 🏆【1600In-lbs Powerful Torque & Impacts】High-performance 4-pole copper motor delivers 1600In-lbs(180Nm) of maximum torque and 4000BPM of impacts, to meet efficient fastening tasks and a large range of applications, help to tackle screw on wood, plastic, and metal with great ease.
  • 🏆【Convenient 0-2900RPM Variable Speed Trigger】 Different from the two shifting buttons, the speed trigger offers easy control of speed adjustment from 0-2900RPM; The deeper you press, the faster the motor spins the driver shaft, which allows you to change the most optimize speed for different applications.
  • 🏆【30-60Min Fast Charger】20V 2.0Ah large capacity lithium-Ion battery with unique 3-LED power indicator. Compare with a 1.5Ah/1.3Ah battery, our 2.0Ah li-ion supports superior longer working time while significantly shorter charging time with the 2A ultra-fast charger included. Maximally improve efficiency and save your time.
  • 🏆【1/4” All-metal Quick Release Hex Chuck】1/4” hex chuck and all-metal gearbox provide maximum durability.remove or insert bits by simply pulling back on the collet easily and quickly. No tools needed.
  • 🏆【Wide-range LED & Compact Design】 Trigger-active LED work light at the foot of the impact driver is designed for increasing visibility in dark environment. Compact and lightweight design fits into tight areas or corners and minimizes user fatigue.

An impact drill is designed for driving long screws by creating torque through rapid blows coming down on the top of the screwdriver’s bit with force. The difference between this type of drill and other types is that it offers variable speeds which allows you more control over how much power your device has at its disposal so you won’t trip any circuit breakers or wear out your battery prematurely.

The best part about this tool is its heavy-duty construction because it has been designed with durability in mind!. These drills use a different type of clutch system than what we see on our usual drill drivers which moves bits farther using less power– they’re also safer to operate when drilling into hard materials because it’s easier to engage and disengage the clutch.

If you’re looking to drill or drive in different types of fasteners and are willing to trade some speed for more power then an impact driver is best suited to meet your needs!.

An impact driver is typically used to tackle tough jobs when driving screws into the metal surfaces because they have more torque than cordless drills.

-Core Drill:

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CS Unitec ETN 2001 P Up to 4" 2-Speed Hand Held/Rig Mounted - Wet/Dry Concrete...
  • Heavy-duty, light-weight hand-held core drill rig with 4" diameter hole capacity - Rig Mounted Kits Available- MADE IN GERMANY
  • Powerful 15 amp, 110V motor for demanding use when wet drilling in reinforced concrete, stone, asphalt, marble, ceramic, walls, floors and more
  • 2 speed gear box (0-800/0-1570 rpm load speed) concrete drill with oil bath gear box and mechanical safety clutch for optimal lubrication, reduced heat and increased user safety
  • Machine integrated water supply with gardena style quick connect and adjustable valve for easy use with standard garden hose. GFCI over-current cut-off protection standard
  • Only 15 lbs., Collar Diameter 52mm collar for easy mounting, rig mounting kits available.

Core drills are often called upon when someone wants to create their own holes through concrete slabs without using explosives! This tool uses an electromagnetic shaft that spins at very high speeds and forces a metal drill bit to cut through the concrete.

This drill isn’t typically used for driving screws! It drills out holes in harder materials such as concrete or brick when laying downpipes or other utility cables. It also helps to cut holes for water pipes, cables, etc without damaging surrounding surfaces such as wall studs or floor panels.

-Screwdriver:

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Enertwist Cordless Screwdriver, 8V Max 10Nm Electric Screwdriver Rechargeable...
  • 【Powerful 8V Motor & Max 10Nm Torque】Enertwist cordless screwdriver equiped with higher performance 8V motor, delivers improved 88 in.lbs(10Nm) max torque for a wide range of drilling and fastening applications. Manual mode torque 10Nm max.
  • 【Precision 21+1 Cluth & 230RPM Speed】21 clutch + 1 drill setting for precision and control based on the application. No load speed 230 RPM for fastening/drilling into wood, plastic & light-gauge metal.
  • 【Convenient 1/4" Hex Chuck and Durable Use】¼ inch hex allows for quick screwdriver bit change and holds 1 inch bit tips. Cordless electric screwdriver battery powered by 1500mAh built-in lithium-ion battery for long lasting use. Screw 300pcs M4*40mm in specification continuously after fully charged. (When most other specified < M3.5 only)
  • 【Ergonomic 2-Position Handle & LED Light & Lightweight Design】 Adjustable Dual Position Handle allows for operation in either in-line or pistol-grip. Brighter Built-in LED Light illuminates the work surface operated by a separate switch provides illumination for more accurate work. Compact and lightweight - only 11" in length and weighs less than 1.13 lbs. Ergonomically located forward/reverse switch for convenient adjustment of rotational speed for precise screw driving.
  • 【Gift 82-Pieces Accessories & Portable Case & 2-Years Quality Promise】What You Get: (1) Enertwist 8-Volt power screwdriver, (1)flexible extension shaft, (68) 25mm bits, (6) 50mm bits, (6) nut drivers, (1) magnetic bit holder, (1) Charger, (1) Tool Case. Enertwist offers a 2-Years Quality Service for ET-CS-8 battery screwdriver, please contact us If you are not satisfied or any questions/concerns.

If speed is more important than torque, a screwdriver may be the tool for you. It’s great for quickly running screws into place with precision.

You might be using a screwdriver for tasks as simple as tightening screws or removing them, but you can also use it when assembling furniture and other pieces of woodwork.

-Drywall Screwgun:

DEWALT Drywall Screw Gun, 6.0-Amp (DW255)
  • Drywall screw gun has a depth-sensitive, "set and forget" nosepiece for consistent fastener depth
  • DEWALT drywall screw gun has two-finger trigger for increased comfort and ease of use
  • The drywall gun has 5,300 RPM high speed motor for production drywall hanging
  • Lightweight with excellent ergonomics
  • Helical-cut steel and heat-treated gears for long life and durability

A Drywall Screwgun is a hand-held tool that uses an electric motor to drive screws into drywall and plasterboard. This type of drill can make the process easier for those who are not very strong or have limited mobility in their hands because it requires much less force than using a manual screwdriver, while still being effective at driving screws through the material.

However, if you plan on drilling heavy-duty materials like steel sheeting with this type of driver then it might be worth investing in something more powerful as these drills cannot deliver enough torque to get through such tough surfaces.

A drywall screw gun differs from an impact driver because its application is specific to driving screws into sheetrock walls and ceilings without damaging their surfaces.

-Ground Auger (Earth Auger):

DC HOUSE 52cc 2.4HP Gas Powered Post Hole Digger with Two Earth Auger Drill Bit...
  • ☛【52CC GASLINE ENGINE】The auger is ideal for quickly drilling into the earth in order to set into the ground: fence posts, poles, trees, shrubs etc. Equipped with a 52CC 2.5HP gasoline engine, the auger can be handled by one or two people easily for a wide variety of tasks.
  • ☛【MULTIPLE SIZE DRILL BITS】Supplied with bits of 6" & 10" meet your different hole dig requirements. Come with 3 extension rods make it more accurate and easy to use.With this tool, you will be enabling drilling of multiple holes in quick succession.
  • ☛【MAIN PARAMTER】Engine: Single Cylinder, 2-stroke, air-cooled; 2 Cycle Oil /Gasoline Mixing Ratio:1:25 ; Safety: Bit Lock; Power: 1.8KW/8000rpm; Carburetor with pump; Easy starting system (cord starter). Centrifugal clutch; Change bits quickly and easily.
  • ☛【PERFECT DIRT DIGGING】Lightweight & Easy to start, it is the perfect machine that will empower you to have ultimate control of over your land.
  • ☎【ACCESSORIES】2 auger bits: 6" and 10"; 3 Extension Bar: 20"12" 8"; Fuel Mixing Bottle; Manual.Tip: If your item is shipped by Amazon warehouse, all the items will be shipped in one package. If you have any questions, pls contact our customer service.

Ground augers are tools used for drilling holes in the earth and other hard materials. The purpose of the ground auger is to drill deep, narrow tunnels into different types of terrain including soil such as clay or sand; bedrock; even concrete.

One use of a ground auger would be to create underground drainage systems by creating an exit point so that rainwater does not remain on the surface where it can cause problems. It uses AC or gas power to-driven rotary engines.

The ground auger does not just drill through the surface of materials but also makes a channel so there is better drainage. Augering in this way helps prevent flooding problems during heavy rains because it can eliminate some types of water retention areas like swamps and marshes which may otherwise impede on land development or farming projects near them.

Ground augers are also used to remove tree stumps and roots, create holes for fence posts, or mend hard surfaces such as cement that have been damaged by erosion or fire damage.

-Pneumatic Drill (Air drill):

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Ingersoll Rand 123MAXK Short Barrel Air Hammer Kit, 5 PC Chisel Set, Quick...
  • 5 PIECE CHISEL KIT: The IR 123MAXK comes with a short barrel air hammer, quick change retainer, 5 chisel attachments, and a blow molded carrying case, making it a handy power tool set for the auto repair industry, heavy trucks, and MRO
  • COMPACT AND LIGHTWEIGHT: It is 18% shorter and 5% lighter than Ingersoll Rand 118MAX and 122MAX air hammer models, and offers 15% more impact force than standard air hammers
  • MAX COMFORT: Tool has an anti-vibration mechanism that reduces vibration over 30% when compared to standard air hammers, and its anti-slip hand grip reduces shock and provides extra safety and comfort
  • WORK BETTER & FASTER: This air hammer is equipped with a quick change retainer that makes it easy to swap attachment chisel bits, so you can work seamlessly and finish jobs faster; Swivel air inlet prevents hose twisting during use
  • PROVEN RELIABILITY: This MAX series tool features Ingersoll Rand manufactured components to get the job done right; Every component, mechanism, and function has undergone rigorous testing to ensure long-lasting performance

A pneumatic drill is often called a pneumatic driver or simply an Air drill, which uses compressed air to provide the power that drives the bit. The type of drilling varies with its speed and weight. It’s also important to note that there are different types of drills such as hammer drills, rotary hammers, screwdrivers (drywall).

What they all have in common is that each drives their respective bits by means other than an electric motor-driven gear train.

The most basic form of a pneumatic drill/driver consists only of an exposed rotating shaft and chuck onto which various specialized attachments can be mounted for performing specific functions – usually, these include chisels or bits for drilling, a blade or scraper for cutting concrete slabs and floors, wrenches (often called chisels) to tighten bolts.

The air drill allows one person to perform tasks like sanding window trim with a power sander that traditionally would require two people working together – the worker holding onto the tool while it is being used because of its weight.

Types of drill based on the power source


-Cordless Drill:

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DEWALT 20V Max Cordless Drill / Driver Kit, Compact, 1/2-Inch (DCD771C2)
  • Dewalt drill has compact and lightweight design that fits into tight areas
  • High performance motor of the power drill delivers 300 unit watts out (UWO) of power ability completing a wide range of applications
  • High speed transmission of Dewalt 20V drill delivers 2 speeds (0-450 & 1,500 rpm) for a range of fastening and drilling applications
  • 1/2-inch single sleeve ratcheting chuck provides tight bit gripping strength
  • Ergonomic handle delivers comfort and control. Tool Height-6.5 inch

– Cordless drills are powered by rechargeable battery packs. They are more expensive than corded drills but offer greater mobility and convenience. Cordless drills are more efficient than their predecessors as they generate less heat, consume fewer battery cells when in use, and have the ability to recharge batteries by plugging them into a power source

-Corded Drill:

DEWALT Corded Drill, 8.0-Amp, 3/8-Inch, Variable Speed Reversible, Mid-Handle...
  • 8-amp motor of the electric drill delivers high performance in heavy-duty applications
  • 3/8-inch all-metal, ratcheting, keyless chuck is designed for greater bit retention of the corded drill
  • DEWALT corded drill has 0-2,500 rpm with VSR trigger for versatility in drilling and fastening applications
  • Mid-handle grip design with soft grip provides increased balance and comfort
  • All ball bearing construction provides greater durability and longer tool life

– A corded drill is plugged into a power source and can supply continuous rotations without needing to wait for the battery pack to charge. It can also be converted to mobile power sources with the addition of an extension cable. This is done by connecting the drill’s male socket end which connects to an electrical outlet via two wires (black up red down). The other end plugs into a female socket on either side for left or right handed users.

Read the in-depth guide about difference between Corded vs Cordless Drills and How to Pick the Right One?

What type of drill is best?

A lot of people ask this question and there is no correct answer, but it can be a good place to start when asking for advice. There are many different types of drills available today including the following: drill driver, hammer drill (hammer drill driver), rotary hammer (combination hammer), impact drill, core drill, ground auger (earth auger), and screwdriver. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages which will help you make your decision on what works best with your needs.

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